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Thanks to the Carolina Hurricanes, Chris Brown, and "ice man" Don MacMillan for their assistance.

While the strength and skill of great ice skaters is immediately obvious, it's easy to overlook the remarkable surface that makes it all possible. But as it turns out, varying the characteristics of indoor ice just a little bit can make the difference between a gold-medal performance and an embarrassing spill. Indoor ice rinks are used for all sorts of sports and recreational activities, including hockey, figure skating and speed skating, and in all of these sports the quality of the ice makes a big difference.


The ice at the Raleigh Entertainment & Sports Arena

Forming a good skating surface isn't as simple as making a tray of ice cubes. Freezing a rink correctly takes no less than a dozen stages, with some stages laying ice that may be as thin as 1/32 of an inch (0.8 mm). Some layers require paint to create an attractive background and, in the case of hockey, provide clear markings. And ice that's best for one sport may be completely unacceptable for another.

In this edition of HowStuffWorks, we'll visit with Don MacMillan, ice supervisor for the Raleigh Entertainment & Sports Arena (the Raleigh arena) and the NHL Carolina Hurricanes. We'll also learn about the history of indoor ice rinks, the creation of a new ice surface, the rink's characteristics and logistics, and rink maintenance. Once you understand everything that's involved, the science and technology of ice rinks is amazing!